Great Introduction to Understanding Surrealism!

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Great Introduction to Understanding Surrealism!

By watching this video, you will understand surrealism! The art movement from the 1920s to the 1950s was inspired by dreams and the subconscious.

The creator of this video will explain the historical contexts of the movement and the art of a variety of artists from around the world, focusing on Salvador Dalí, Frida Kahlo, Meret Oppenheim, Remedios Varo, Man Ray, Rene Magritte and Max Ernest.

It's a great introduction to surrealism, especially for middle and high school students! We are sure that this video will be very useful for you.

Founded by the poet André Breton in Paris in 1924, surrealism was an artistic and literary movement.

He proposed that the Enlightenment, the influential intellectual movement of the 17th and 18th centuries that championed reason and individualism, suppressed the higher qualities of the irrational and unconscious mind.

The goal of surrealism was to free human thought, language, and experience from the oppressive confines of rationalism.

Breton had studied medicine and psychiatry and was well acquainted with the psychoanalytical writings of Sigmund Freud.

He was particularly interested in the idea that the unconscious which produces dreams was the source of artistic creativity.

Breton, a devout Marxist, also wanted Surrealism to be a revolutionary movement capable of detaching the minds of the masses from the rational order of society. But how could they achieve this liberation of the human spirit?

Automatism, a practice close to free association or a stream of consciousness, provided the surrealists with the means to produce unconscious works of art.

The mixed-media canvas Battle of the Fishes (1926) by surrealist artist André Masson is an early example of automatic painting.

To begin, Masson took plaster, a sticky substance normally used to prepare supports for painting, and let it fall freely onto the surface of his canvas.

He then poured sand over it, letting the grains cling to the adhesive haphazardly, and doodled and painted around the resulting shapes.

Artists using automatic methods have embraced the element of chance, often with surprising results.

Masson's final product features two prehistoric fish, their jaws dripping with blood, battling in primordial silt - an unconscious display of nature's inherent violence.

However, not all surrealists chose to create such abstract works. Many Surrealists recognized that depicting the actual appearance of a thing in the physical world could more effectively evoke for the viewer associations in which a deeper unconscious reality is revealed.

Artists like Dalí and Belgian painter René Magritte have created hyperrealistic dreamlike visions that are windows to a strange world beyond waking life.

Magritte's Clairvoyance (1936), for example, in which an artist paints a bird in flight while gazing at an egg on a table, suggests a dreamscape or hallucinatory state.

Though Surrealism is indeed most associated with such flamboyant and irreverent figures as Dalí, Breton recruited a wide group of artists and intellectuals already active in Paris to write for and exhibit under his banner.

If you want to learn more about surrealism, watch this amazing video! We are sure you will love it!

Enjoy This Video Tutorial About Surrealism

Source: Jescia Hopper

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